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How To Remove Plaque From Teeth?

May 20, 2024Oral health

How To Remove Plaque From Teeth?

An effective method for reducing plaque buildup is to brush your teeth at least twice daily. It is advisable to use a soft toothbrush and change it every three to four months for proper dental hygiene. Switching to an electric toothbrush may offer more effective plaque removal than a regular toothbrush.

It is advisable to floss before brushing to remove any food particles for easier removal during brushing. Please follow these steps for proper flossing of teeth.

  1. Cut a piece of floss that measures around 18 inches. Wrap both ends of the floss around each middle finger for a secure grip.
  2. To floss properly, hold the floss tight between your thumbs and forefingers, and slide it gently between two teeth.
  3. Wrap the floss in a curved shape around the edge of a single tooth.
  4. When flossing, carefully move the floss up and down along your tooth while applying pressure. Be cautious of sudden movements that may result in the floss breaking.
  5. Be sure to follow the same procedure for each of your teeth, including flossing the difficult-to-reach spots behind your back molars.

Make sure to brush your teeth for a full two minutes after you have finished flossing. Follow these steps to properly brush your teeth:

  1. Use a small amount of toothpaste on your toothbrush, about the size of a pea. For children, it’s recommended that toothpaste should be no larger than a grain of rice.
  2. Proper tooth brushing technique involves positioning the toothbrush at a 45-degree angle against the gums.
  3. Brushing your teeth gently with short, back-and-forth strokes equal to the width of each tooth.
  4. It is recommended to clean all areas of your teeth, including the outer, inner, and biting surfaces, as well as your tongue, in order to ensure proper hygiene.
  5. When cleaning the inside of your front teeth, hold your toothbrush upright and use gentle vertical strokes.

 

What is plaque?

Dental plaque is a common buildup on teeth and gums. Maintaining good dental hygiene is essential for preventing and removing plaque at home. Not maintaining proper oral hygiene can lead to the accumulation of tartar, a yellowish-brown deposit on the teeth.

Tartar buildup can be difficult to get rid of. The accumulation of plaque near the gums can result in increased swelling and bleeding, known as gingivitis, the initial stage of gum disease.

 

What does plaque look like?

Plaque is a transparent substance that can cause a fuzzy sensation on teeth. The sticky nature of this substance can lead to staining by attaching food particles to teeth. When plaque solidifies and changes to a yellow hue, it becomes tartar.

 

How plaque causes tartar to form

The buildup of plaque may lead to serious health problems. The sugars from the foods you eat are broken down by bacteria in plaque, which leads to the production of acid that can damage your teeth and cause cavities. In addition, the bacteria release toxins that can worsen gum inflammation, potentially causing gum disease.

Tartar, also known as calculus, is a hard deposit that forms on teeth when plaque combines with minerals in saliva. This substance can develop in areas both above and below the gum line, creating an ideal environment for plaque bacteria to thrive and multiply quickly.

Tartar cannot be removed with regular brushing or flossing, unlike plaque. Tartar can be removed through a dental procedure called scaling and polishing, which can be scheduled at a dental appointment. During this procedure, the dentist will use specialized tools to eliminate tartar buildup on the teeth. Scaling is the process of thoroughly cleaning and removing tartar buildup, while polishing ensures teeth are left smooth and shiny.

 

Methods for reducing plaque and tartar buildup

Maintaining good oral hygiene practices is important for preventing plaque build-up. It is recommended to brush your teeth for at least two minutes, twice a day (ideally in the morning and before bed), and remember to floss at least once daily.

Regular dental check-ups are important for preventing plaque and tartar buildup on teeth. During a dental appointment, the dentist will remove plaque and tartar from your teeth to maintain cleanliness and oral health. A fluoride treatment may be recommended to prevent plaque bacteria from multiplying, reduce tartar buildup, and lower the risk of tooth decay.

Research suggests that chewing gum with sorbitol or xylitol during breaks may aid in decreasing plaque buildup. Choose sugar-free gum to reduce bacterial growth on your teeth. A diet low in added sugars can help reduce bacteria growth on your teeth. A balanced diet should include a variety of fresh fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and lean proteins.

It is not recommended to completely eliminate carbohydrates from your diet. Foods such as bread, cereal, potatoes, and corn are high in carbohydrates and are essential for maintaining good health. Consuming these foods may lead to plaque buildup.

Using mouthwash or dental tools such as a dental pick, interdental brush, or dental stick can help prevent bacteria buildup between meals.

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