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Buck teeth: how to fix it?

Jul 27, 2023Oral health, oral surgery

How to fix Buck teeth?

Buck teeth arise due to the placement of the lower jaw set too far back in the facial structure. Resolving this situation requires addressing the posture of the jaws and face. Orthotropics is the usual treatment method used for correcting buck teeth. When dealing with buck teeth, our primary aim is to widening the upper jaw, thereby generating sufficient space for the tongue. Subsequently, we motivate the child to breathe through their nasal cavity and maintain an airtight seal on their lips. Over a period of time, practicing this technique will rectify their tongue position and liberate the lower jaw to develop forward, resulting in re-establishing its connection with the upper jaw.

The treatment for buck teeth may require the use of a set of a removable appliances designed specifically for posture correction. It is not standard practice to use typical orthodontic devices such as traditional braces. This is due to the fact that braces are intended for teeth straightening purposes, whereas our focus lies in rectifying facial posture.


What Are Buck Teeth?

In the field of orthodontics, a dental condition known as buck teeth or protruding front teeth is used to define a specific type of bite problem that many individuals may describe as an overbite. The term bite is utilized in reference to the manner in which the upper and lower sets of teeth align with one another.

An overbite is the dental condition where the upper teeth extends beyond the lower ones. Several factors can cause the protrusion, including the upper jaw being positioned too far ahead, the lower jaw located too far back, or teeth growing in an abnormal angle. This issue may also cause speech impediments and breathing issues.

Dentists commonly utilize the terms dental malocclusion when describing front teeth that extend outward. This particular condition results in a misalignment where the teeth may not meet correctly, if at all. The ideal orthodontic treatment of teeth involves the upper teeth fitting just above the lower set while ensuring that the molars rest comfortably in the opposite molar grooves. In cases where the upper set excessively protrudes over the lower set, an orthodontist may diagnose it as a class two malocclusion pertaining to dental misalignment.

According to a systematic review and meta-analysis conducted in 2020, dental malocclusion is a widespread condition with a prevalence rate of approximately 56% worldwide. Several studies conducted in Estonia on individuals aged between 4-5 years, 7-10 years, and 17-21 years indicate that overbite is a common occlusal trait found in these age groups. According to a study conducted in 2019, it has been found that approximately 33 percent of adults in America do not suffer from a malocclusion that’s clinically significant.


Causes of Buck Teeth

This overbite is predominantly a genetic trait that is often passed down from parents to their offspring. Hence, if your parents had buck teeth, it increases the likelihood of you inheriting them as well.

In addition to genetics, certain behaviors can contribute to the development of buck teeth. Indications that one may possess overbite include:

  • Sucked your thumb: Thumb-sucking behavior is commonly observed in babies and young toddlers. However, if this habitual practice persists beyond the age of three, it may result in dental complications such as overbite.
  • Used a pacifier: Certain parents may use pacifiers for young children, hopeful that it will prevent them from developing buck teeth caused by thumb sucking. Regrettably, this practice may also result in the development of buck teeth. It is imperative to note that despite some brands marketing their pacifiers as orthodontic pacifiers, utilizing a pacifier past the age of three should be strongly discouraged.
  • Have alignment issues: Misaligned teeth involving either impacted or crowded teeth can result in an overbite being developed on occasion.
  • Are missing teeth: Dental gaps can lead to gradual misalignment of teeth, which is a significant cause of protruding front teeth.
  • Have a tongue thrust: Excess tongue pressure against your front permanent teeth during swallowing can lead to dental problems such as an open bite and protruding teeth. The powerful tongue gradually pushes the teeth forward causing these issues to worsen over time.

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